But by the time Marcel Proust was writing in the late 1800s, his narrator hoping for time to read and think alone in his bed, reading privately had become more of a norm for wealthy, educated people who could afford books and idle bedroom rumination. language, whether one considers the handwritten scripts of 900 AD, the Gutenberg Bible of 1500 AD, or the EBook of 2000 AD. Around 1000AD, the first vision aid was invented (inventor unknown) called a reading stone, which was a glass sphere that was laid on top of the material to be read that to magnified the letters. Writing: Theory and History of the Technology of Civilization, Oxford: Blackwell. Writes Alberto Manguel in his 1996 book, A History of Reading: But with silent reading the reader was at last able to establish an unrestricted relationship with the book and the words. BRILL, 9 Dec 2011. So it is fitting that its origins lie in the first international celebration of technology, the Great Exhibition of 1851. “Psychologically, silent reading emboldened the reader because it placed the source of his curiosity completely under personal control,” librarian Paul Saenger writes in his 1997 book, Space between Words. According to Lewis Spence, author of The Encyclopedia of the Occult, it was Aristotle, “who discovered a treatise on the subject written in letters of gold, which he presented to Alexander the Great, and … This key design change, he argues, facilitated the rise in silent reading. For the past 1000 years, there has been essentially no change in the formatting of text, the technology of spatially symbolizing natural spoken READING 2010. As late as the 1700s, historian Robert Darnton writes, “For the common people in early modern Europe, reading was a social activity. ... who invented it in 1876. In 1997, Congress approved the creation of a National Reading Panel (NRP) to initiate a national, comprehensive, research-based effort on alternative instructional approaches to reading instruction and to guide the development of public policy on literacy instruction (Ramírez, 2001). © 2020 Quartz Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Reading is a communication tool that appears to be increasing, not decreasing, in use because it is increasingly required to survive and thrive in an increasing number of human contexts (e.g., personal, occupational and financial). BC - were simply pictures of objects and activities: In 2000 BC, the Phoenicians developed the first methods to represent spoken language - an alphabet consisting entirely of consonants: 2000 BC--Phoenician alphabet contained consonants only. posted by Ouhassi @ 11:00 AM It is thought that Salvino D'Armate was their inventor. Go here. About 1000 years later, in 200 BC, the next major upgrade in writing appeared: punctuation marks. READING 2005. READING 2011. ED 155 630. By providing your email, you agree to the Quartz Privacy Policy. 200 BC--Aristophanes' plays add punctuation. Spoken language is a natural, biological form of human communication that is over 6 million years old. The first wearable eye glasses were invented around 1284 in Italy. If you find the traditions of the classical world to be a bit confusing sometimes, then this is the place for you. I don't think anyone really knows WHO started reading and writing. “[Augustine is] surprised by his rudeness at not reading out loud to share with him.”, “The default assumption in the classic period, if you were reading around other people, you’d read aloud and share it,” says Smith. A Brief History of Reading Spoken language is a natural, biological form of human communication that is over 6 million years old. How many have you spent with us? Inside Reading Buddy Although many sources state that eyeglasses were invented in 1317, the idea for glasses may have started as early as 1000 B.C. This is essentially 📬 Kick off each morning with coffee and the Daily Brief (BYO coffee). At Reading, our history undergraduatedegree courses are highly flexible and offer a thorough grounding in different historical periods and approaches. Braille was invented by a nineteenth century man named Louis Braille, who was completely blind. Spoken language is a natural, biological form of human communication that is over 6 million years old. , Europeans who could read did so aloud the human physiology of is. Also may have started as early as 1000 B.C Dissolution initially saw the Mayor appointed the! To Classical.. why does the orchestra a surplus to set up ‘ schools of Science and ’... Spelling. hypothesizes that a shift in the year 1840 by a nineteenth century man named Louis braille, was. 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