The city lasted until 1521 CE. Mayan languages are spoken by at least 6 million indigenous Maya, primarily in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize and Honduras. The most important collection of these poems is Romances de los senores de la Nueva Espana. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. The Mayans came first to the modern-day Mexico. One major Mayan city was Chichen Itza, 1000 to 1450 CE. And that is a great story in itself! They also practiced human sacrifice. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. All children were educated until age 14. Influence of Mayans on other civilizations has been found in the shape of Mayans’ architecture and art developments. The archaeological remains which are found in Aztec allow gaining knowledge about their culture and history. Difference between Aztec and Mayan can be simply put as two different civilizations in Mesoamerica. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. The Aztecs also had slaves, and individuals could become slaves due to debts, as a criminal punishment, or as war captives. Aztec civilization was built around corn cultivation. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, and for its. The Mayans were very particular about time and they wanted to know as many details about it as they can. 4.Aztecs spoke Nahuatl, while the Mayans spoke Maya. The Aztec Triple Alliance or Aztec Empire (Nahuatl: Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān) began as an alliance of three Nahua city-states or "altepeme": Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. The top point of the Aztec Culture has traditions, both religious and mythological. It is the same place where the capital for Aztecs’ Triple Alliance was built at. Although there were Mayas when the Aztecs ruled Central Mexico, the highest peak of the Mayan culture was achieved by 300 a.d., almost 1000 years before the Aztecs … Priests ran governments, ruled cities, led ceremonies and performed many other jobs. Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. During the Classic period, most of the Maya cities had reached the high stage of development that they could reach. Mayan civilization is believed to have started around 2600 B.C. In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. All rights reserved. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and … It did not suffer complete wipeout like some other cultures. A large amount of Aztec poetry survives, as it was collected during the conquest. Distinctive Sites Deities Aztec: Tlalco: god of rain Huitzilopchtli: parton god of the mexoca tribe Quetzalcoatl: culture hero and of civilization and order Tezcatlipoca: god of destiny and furtune Mayan: Itzama: an upper god and creator deity quetzalcoatl: god "feathered These city-states ruled the area in and around the Valley of Mexico. Want to know more about 3 of South America’s great civilisations? These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. 2.The Incas lived on the South Eastern Coast of South America. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. 1.5 million people now speak the Nahuatl language, mostly in mountainous areas in central Mexico. Aztec and Mayan differences One difference between the Aztec and the Mayan is the location, and time period they were in. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The Aztec Empire began with an alliance between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan in order to defeat Azcapotzalco. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. 1.The Aztecs held sway in Central Mexico between 1325 AD and 1523 AD. They built many pyramids, some of which still stand today. The Mayans settled in southeastern Mexico, occupying the current states of Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas and Tabasco and the countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador; while the Aztecs occupied the Mexican central highlands and part of the Gulf of Mexico, along with portions of Guatemala and Nicaragua. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. Incas has no written language, but on the other hand Mayans had a well developed written language. I love this site. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD. The Mayans were a far more advanced civilization and had a different approach to developing scientific processes. They also lacked draft animals, wheel-based transportation and metal tools. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. It is hard to overlook the fact that they had remarkable similarities, but also some differences.Their class structures were … The Mayas typically lived in independent city kingdoms, led by a king and his royal household. • Also, the ruling methods of these people were different as well. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. The interaction with other areas of the region and the way cultures of the Mesoamerican civilizations merged into each other results in Maya civilization sharing numerous features with these civilizations. Society was divided between “pipiltin” (nobles) and “macehualli” (commoners), and was led by an Emperor. The Aztecs built floating gardens while the Maya burnt down forests to plant gardens and the Inca farmed steep areas by building terraces. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. Aztecs and Mayans are both ancient American civilizations that the conquering Spaniards encountered when they set foot on that continent. Their most notable monuments are the stepped pyramids and the palaces built for Maya rulers. They both had calendars and although they were both different they were very useful for farming because the calendar could track the seasons. Although Tenochtiltan was destroyed, many notable sites remain in the Valley of Mexico. According to legend, the Aztecs saw a vision telling them to settle on an island in Lake Texcoco, which they did in 1325 CE. All three were great civilizations. Establishment of the civilization was during the Pre-Classic period. Difference Between Aztecs and Mayans. The Olmecs are frequently forgotten entirely, and the rest are often lumped together or confused, but they were all completely distinct. The Northern Maya cities continued to flourish until the Spanish conquest. 3.The Mayans had city states each ruled by a sovereign ruler, the Aztecs were ruled by a supreme ruler. but the following three civilizations are most definitely one of the more interesting empires to roam this Earth; The Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. Some of the popular remains have been found in excavations such as the Templo Mayor excavation in Mexico City. Who were they and what are the differences between them? The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The Mayas' astrological observations and calendar have also received a lot of attention recently, due to the incorrect belief that the end of the Maya calendar predicted the end of the world in 2012. Many city states over time. According to one record, 84,400 prisoners were sacrificed in four days for the reconsecration of the Great Period of Tenochtitlan in 1487. Other reasons for its popularity are the developments and achievements in architecture, astronomical and mathematical systems and in the field of art. Filed Under: History Tagged With: Aztec, Aztec and Mayan, Aztec Civilization, Aztecs, Maya civilization, Mayan, Mayans, Nahuatl language, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. The Aztec and Mayan lived in the same time period but the Mayan had actually been around longer than the Aztecs. The Incas and Aztecs had a • Mayans were people who were much gentle and kind as compared to Aztecs who were proud of wars. Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. The word Aztec belongs to Nahuatl language, meaning ‘people from Aztlan’, the mythological place for people speaking this language. Aztecs and Mayans were similar in different days. The ruins of the Templo Mayor were excavated in Mexico City in 1978. Aztec faces Maya (L: stone figure, National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City, R: replica of Maya stucco head) (Click on image to enlarge) CLASS. Throughout this essay, I will explain the similarities and differences these people held in between them. Their tribute empire spread throughout Mesoamerica. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not. I visited Chichen Itza yesterday and got confused between the 2 civilizations, so this really helped clear things up. Tenochtitlan became the dominant city in the alliance, and their empire spread through both trade and military conquest. Wow I totally agree this website.seriously helped me with my essay. Aztecs are a group of people, who belong to specific ethnic groups of Central Mexico. They feel that they would need to sacrifice humans in order to get something in return. Mexican people of Tenochtitlan, the place where Mexico City is currently located, are also called Aztecs. Another difference between the Aztecs and the Mayan was their take on the calendar. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. At the end of the days, Mayan civilization dissipated. Especially, Aztecs were groups of people who used to speak Nahuatl language and dominated a big part of Mesoamerica between 14th to 16th centuries. Often, “Aztec” is used to refer to people who lived in Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City, on an island in Lake Texcoco, but may also refer to their allies, the Acolhuas of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan. They used a 365-day calendar based on sun movement and believed in a cyclical nature of time and in three planes: Earth, underworld and heavens above. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations (living in Mexico and Central America) while the Incas lived in South America. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. Most modern-day Mexicans are of mixed Aztec and European ancestry. Tagged as: Aztecs, Incas, Mayans Comments Off. Throughout this essay, I will explain the similarities and differences these people held in between them. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. It took the conquistadors 170 years to establish control over all of the descendants of the Mayas. While there are similarities between the Aztecs and the Mayans, there are great differences. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. These developments continued until Spanish arrived. , Just add more reasons and details how they are same. Next … Nahuatl, still spoken by about 1.5 million people, mostly in central Mexico. The city lasted until 1521 CE.Archaeologists have discovered evidence that the Maya lived in Belize in around 2600 BCE, and it’s generally accepted that settlements existed around 1800 BCE. Human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time. It controlled its states through installing rulers, constructing marriage alliances, and asking for tribute. The Aztecs and Mayans were two Mesoamerican civilizations that had much in common. They were good students of astronomy while Aztecs were mostly involved in war and events that were full of the show of power and force. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. There were some important differences between the two. Diffen.com. The Aztecs believed in human sacrifice. One similar characteristic had to do with agriculture. Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas. One can see remarkable architecture along with artistic accomplishments in Aztec civilization. Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtiltan in 1521, supported by a large number of indigenous allies. The Aztecs were a Nahuatl-speaking people concentrated in Central America, particularly the Valley of Mexico. Mexican Valley has become the center of Aztec Civilization since the 13th century. There are many theories for this decline, including overpopulation, foreign invasion, revolt, and the collapse of trade routes. Archaeologists have discovered evidence that the Maya lived in Belize in around 2600 BCE, and it’s generally accepted that settlements existed around 1800 BCE. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Aztecs were later arrivals. Government was an important part of the Maya civilization. They still continue to have their beliefs and traditions that they still follow, even today. Mayan languages are still spoken in rural areas in Mexico and Guatemala. The Aztecs created a large empire across Mexico through tribute and trade. The city was destroyed. Smallpox broke out in 1520-21 and played a vital in the fall of the city, with between 10% to 50% of the population succumbing to the disease. They also used the sacred calendar to determine when certain events would occur and know the lucky days for cases like going to war, planting crops, and hunting. According to legend, the Aztecs saw a vision telling them to settle on an island in Lake Texcoco, which they did in 1325 CE. Animal Remains Provide Clues to Maya Commoners -. The Mayas had the only known fully developed written language in pre-Columbian America. Diffen LLC, n.d. Other than that common factor, the groups all had different ways of life and unique languages, political agendas, religious views and ways to provide for their people. This Triple Alliance made the tributary empire. Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. Besides the geographical and cultural differences (different language and religion), there is a time difference too. The Aztecs took a more mechanistic approach towards the calendar meanwhile the Mayans took an approach in which they were able to obtain control of time. Thanks so much for this! Many cave sites are also important to Maya archaeology, including Jolja Cave, the Candelaria Caves and the Cave of the Witch. Mayan civilization is often associated with knowledge as they had a writing systems, astronomical knowledge, etc. Aztecs Incas Mayans Essay In Differences. The Empire reached its greatest spread in 1519 CE, just prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the area. Difference Between Sumerians and Egyptians, Difference Between Greek and Roman Architecture, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Budget Deficit and Fiscal Deficit, Difference Between Catalytic and Stoichiometric Reagents, Difference Between Earthworms and Compost Worms, Difference Between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Aztecs vs Mayans." The Aztecs were in the Valley of Mexico before 1300 but it took them a while to consolidate their power. The Aztecs … Many areas in Mexico City retain the original Aztec names. Web. So, that's a lot of words to say that the Aztecs didn't really have much direct intervention with groups in the Maya region, at least not by means of official government business. This tributary empire was made to expand the political hegemony of Aztecs in areas other than Mexican Valley at a time when cities in the rest of Mesoamerica were being conquered. Find out more here! Mayan, Aztec, Inca The Maya, Aztec, and Inca were three civilizations that lived in Latin America during the middle ages. The Aztecs had only one supreme ruler who ruled them all while Mayans had rule divided into states which were ruled by a separate ruler. The Mayas used a writing system that combined phonetic symbols and logograms and a base 20 and base 5 numbering system. < >. The Maya people spread from southern Mexico, through to Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and northern El Salvador. Mayans were more scientific, while Aztecs were lovers of art and literature. The Aztec, Maya, and Inca all worshipped many gods and used human sacrifices in their religions. They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. The similarity between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas is that all had control of massive empires that eventually ceased to exist. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. The Spanish then founded a new settlement, Mexico City, on the site of the capital, and began colonizing Central America. They are both highly interesting and valuable civilizations to study. 10 Dec 2020. You should do more sites. Mayans are people from the Maya civilization, which is popular for the development of their written language. The Mayans resided in southern Mexico and northern Central America and is recognized as a Mesoamerican civilization. The Aztecs came into play after some time later. And had built large temples to do the sacrifices in and had built special temples to worship thier god. "Mayan" refers only to the language spoken by the "Maya" people. Aztecs were later arrivals. By 1325, The Aztecs had settled on an island in Lake Texcoco where they built their capital Tenochtitlán. Both cultures believed in sacrifice, but the Aztecs believed in sacrificing humans and the Mayans believed in the sacrifice of blood. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The Aztecs worshipped Huitzilopochtli, the personification of the sun and war, and practiced human sacrifice. The Maya southern lowlands went into decline in the 8th and 9th centuries and were abandoned. Mayans developed the art of writing calendar and epigraphy though these were not originated by them. The Mayans believed in sacrificing blood. Maya civilization existed from 1800 BCE, but these settlements were widely abandoned around 100 CE. 1.Aztecs believed in human sacrifice, the Mayans believed in offering blood. There are many major Maya sites, including Altun Ha, Cancuen, Coba, Copan, Caracol, El Mirador, Naranjo, Tikal and Yaxha. 3.The Incas had a technologically advanced frame of mind while the Aztecs believed in sacrifice of humans. The Maya created a writing system of hieroglyphics, the Aztec created the famous mask of Xuihetecuhtli that employed turquoise mosaic, and the Inca created a … The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. The Olmec, Mayan, Incan, and Aztec civilizations are some of the greatest ancient civilizations in history, and yet we know very little about them compared to other parts of the world. All three civilizations grew corn, beans, and squash. Mayans did not disappear at any time during the Classic period, and they still form a sizable portion of thepopulation in the Maya area. However, Aztec civilization is always associated with wars as they were a group of people, who liked getting into fights very much. There was large scale reconstruction between 250 and 900 CE, known as the Classic period, when the Maya built many independent city states, built temples and palaces, developed a hieroglyphic writing system, and developed long distance trade with other Mesoamerican cultures. 2.The Mayans had a scientific bent of mind and studied the stars, The Aztecs were warlike. • Mayans were interested in the study of stars and they also made a calendar which is still comparable to the one in use today. The Aztecs lived in central Mexico. I recommend using bullets to be more organized including captions. Aztec civilization had to suffer the Spanish conquering. wow you give more info on any other website i have a test on this ! They do not want to take another person’s life to get something back. Aztec civilization did not have draft animals or wheeled vehicles, and so roads were designed for travel on foot. 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